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Calluses and corns are areas of thick, hardened, dead skin. Calluses and corns are caused over a period of time by repeated pressure or friction on an area of skin. The pressure causes the skin to die and form a hard, protective surface. A soft corn is formed in the same way, except that when perspiration is trapped where the corn develops, the hard core softens. This generally occurs between toes. Calluses and corns are not caused by a virus and are not contagious.

Pedicures can go a long ways in removing the extra calluses. But unless you address why they are there in the first place, they will come back. Walking on the outer edge of the foot, can be due to a fixation on the lateral aspect of the ankle. Correcting this with an adjustment can go a long ways towards walking correctly and taking the weight bearing load off the wrong part of the knee and low back. Yes, your back pain can be the result of a foot problem.

Come in and let us check out your low back and feet to see if there is a correlation. Calluses and corns on the feet are often caused by pressure from footwear. Tight shoes squeeze the foot. High-heeled shoes squeeze the front part of the foot. Loose shoes may cause your foot to slide and rub against the shoe. Shoes with a thin sole can create more pressure on the ball of the foot when walking than do thicker-soled shoes. Wearing sandals and shoes without socks can lead to increased friction. The foot may rub against a seam or stitch inside the shoe.

Corns generally are found where toes rub together. Corns have an inner core that can be soft or hard. A soft corn is found between toes (usually the fourth and fifth toes). A hard corn is often found over a bony part of a toe (usually the fifth toe). Calluses generally form on the hands or feet, although they may form wherever there is pressure on the skin, such as on the knees or elbows. They form to protect the skin and structures under the skin from pressure, friction and injury. They may appear grayish or yellowish, and are less sensitive to the touch than surrounding skin. They can feel bumpy. Calluses become a problem when the growth is large enough to cause pain. Corns may need cold laser therapy to break up the hardness and soften the corn for a pedicure.

Calluses on the feet generally form on the ball of the foot, the heel, and the underside of the big toe. They often form where the foot and the beginning of the toe meet. Calluses are accommodated by adding well cutouts to your orthotics. These accommodations can be added anywhere in the forefoot and the placement would be specified by the clinician. The orthotic redistributes weight and reduces the friction and pressure that causes calluses.

At our clinic we have a special orthodic tester, which doesn’t give you one orthotic for both feet like Dr. Sholls. Nor is it a placement of both feet into a foam fitter. What we have is a tester on the activity of the foot during the step from heel to toe, each foot tested individually in action. This enables us to get a more accurate measurement of what the foot really does and needs to be working well in all activities. Come in and be tested for a orthotic that would be best for your feet.